This story was originally reported and written in Marathi. Contributors from across India report, write and illustrate for us in a language of their choice.

“I am known as Chandu mistry.”

Chandrakant Patil says he owes his title to the metal-wheel bullock carts he has been making for over three decades. “In 1985, I was working as a welder in a private company. I thought why not create a metal cart?” he recalls.

Today, he can finish one cart in two days. But earlier, when he had just started, it would take him a minimum of five to seven days to finish one cart. His 35 year-old son Suhas Patil has been helping him since he was sixteen. 

Since then, his initial design of a metal cart has also undergone many changes.

“I have made all kinds of carts,” says Chandrakant but  many people don’t know about the different types. “There are five types of carts: the three and half feet long one is used for farming,  Saha aane is four and half feet long, Aath aane is five feet, Daha aane is five and half feet long and the longest one is  a seven-feet cart called  Banda Rupaya,” he explains.

The traditional wooden carts used in the 80s were heavier and a lot of weight for the bulls. Chandrakant thought the lighter metal carts would be welcomed by farmers.

Chandrakant stays in Nandre, a village 14 kilometers from Sangli. Initially it was difficult for him to get materials to make a cart.

The building of a bullock cart calls for many parts: metal pipes, metal angles, channel, a wooden ‘joo’ that rests on the neck of the bullocks, wooden poles, shafts, rubber from used tyres and chivtyaa or bamboo. “I could not get the rubber then in Sangli and so used to get it from Katraj in Pune,” he adds. 

Now raw materials are available in Sangli but prices have gone up. “The rubber used to cost 12 rupees a  piece. Today it costs 250 rupees. The ‘chivati’ was 35 rupees a piece and it is now 600,” he says. “The rising input prices are a big hurdle. I have to keep the selling price low so that the farmers can afford to buy the carts,” he adds.

The demand for metal carts is high in Sangli, Jat, Solapur, Sangola and Beed districts of Maharashtra. Chandrakant also receives orders from neighbouring Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

Metal carts have become popular in bailgada races. Wooden carts used to injure the animals and sometimes the wheels would break mid-way. This doesn’t happen with metal ones.

In 2021, the Supreme Court lifted the 2017 ban on bailgada races. This was a relief for cart makers like Chandrakant, who says, “I have been making these carts for more than 35 years now, and will continue to serve the farmers in the future.” 

Wheels and frames for metal carts are stacked up outside the workshop. Photos by Atul Ashok Howale
Iron is used in the making the structure for the carts. Photo by Atul Ashok Howale
All the carts are hand-painted in Chandrakant’s workshop. Photo by Atul Ashok Howale
Farmers prefer metal carts since they are lighter, and easier to use. Photo by Atul Ashok Howale
Chandrakant has been making these carts for more than 35 years now. Photo by Atul Ashok Howale
Old vehicle tyres are used for the wheels. Photo by Atul Ashok Howale
The small white wheels are used for bailgada races, and the bigger ones in farming. Photo by Atul Ashok Howale
“I am known as Chandu mistry,” owing to the carts he makes. Photo by Atul Ashok Howale

PARI Education would like to thank Medha Kale, PARI’s Marathi Translations Editor for her help with this story.

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Editor's note

Atul Ashok Howale was a student of Asian College of Journalism, Chennai and wrote this piece when he was a student there.

He says that he wanted to document Chandrakant Patil’s work because, “Even now, bullock carts are important for farmers in Maharashtra.”